Management in Water sector
Factors Affecting the Performance of the Community-Based Water Supply Organisations (CBWSOs) in Katavi Districts, Tanzania
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Performance, financial management, infrastructure facilities, political interference, community awareness, and Community-Based Water Supply Organizations (CBWSOs)
This study assessed the factors affecting the Performance of Community-Based Water Supply Organisations (CBWSOs) in managing water supply schemes in Katavi rural areas. An inductive approach and exploratory design were employed in this study. The study population comprised 48 respondents, comprising the region's management team and supervisory board members of selected CBWSOs. Data was collected through one on one In-depth interviews, field observation and literature reviews. The findings revealed firstly, financial management was identified as a critical aspect, emphasising the importance of community participation in the collection of funds. Secondly, Regular infrastructure maintenance is essential for water supply reliability. Thirdly Positive political influence involves securing funding and resources, creating a supportive regulatory environment, promoting community engagement, and advocating for the interests of CBWSOs. In contrast, negative political influence hinders decision-making processes and neglects the responsibilities of supporting and overseeing CBWSOs. Lastly, community awareness was identified as a significant factor. Community participation in the collection of funds fosters financial sustainability, a sense of ownership, responsible resource utilisation, and transparency. Based on these findings, some of the recommendations and policy implications proposed include supporting financial sustainability, establishing a regulatory framework for infrastructure maintenance, minimising negative political interference, promoting community awareness and participation, providing capacity building and implementing a monitoring and evaluation framework.